Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)
Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH) is a type of stroke caused by bleeding within the brain tissue itself — a life-threatening type of stroke. A stroke occurs when the brain is deprived of oxygen and blood supply. ICH is most commonly caused by hypertension, arteriovenous malformations, or head trauma. Treatment focuses on stopping the bleeding, removing the blood clot (hematoma), and relieving the pressure on the brain.
Tiny arteries bring blood to areas deep inside the brain . High blood pressure (hypertension) can cause these thin-walled arteries to rupture, releasing blood into the brain tissue. The blood collects and forms a clot, called a hematoma, which grows and causes pressure on surrounding brain tissue . Increased intracranial pressure (ICP) makes a person confused and lethargic. As blood spills into the brain, the area that artery supplied is now deprived of oxygen-rich blood – called a stroke. As blood cells within the clot die, toxins are released that further damage brain cells in the area surrounding the hematoma.
- Intracerebral hemorrhage (ICH)