Intradural or primary spinal cord tumors (neoplasms) are uncommon lesions and fortunately affect only a minority of the population. However, when lesions grow, they result in compression of the spinal cord, which can cause limb dysfunction, motor and sensation loss, and, possibly, lead to death. Spinal tumors are classified based on their anatomic location as related to the dura mater (lining around the spinal cord) and spinal cord (medullary) as epidural, intradural extramedullary, or intradural intramedullary. Primary spinal tumors are typically intradural in location, where extradural spinal tumors are typically due to metastatic disease.
This article focuses on the evaluation and management of intradural intramedullary spinal cord tumors. The typical histopathological types that account for 95% of these intramedullary neoplasms include astrocytomas, ependymomas, and hemangioblastomas. Spinal cord astrocytomas and ependymomas can be further classified as glial cell neoplasms