Neuropsychiatry Or Neuropsychology
Neuropsychiatry or Neuropsychology is a discipline which combines elements of both psychology and neurology. It studies how a brain functions in response to behaviour, cognition and emotions.
A neuropsychologist or neuropsychotherapist is a one who specialises in psychology but gets trained in understanding the correlation between physical brain and behaviour. The brain is most important element of the body and it is very complex to study. Any disorders or damage affects the nervous system leading to change in behaviour and cognitive function.
A neuropsychologist or neuropsychotherapist can help diagnose a behavioural, cognitive and neurological condition. What other doctors might not diagnose, a neuropsychologist can lead to deeper understanding of the conditions and helps in creating a best suitable treatment plan. They evaluate and examine people with some types of neurological disorders. The brain and nervous system can get affected by illness, injuries and various types of diseases which can be interpreted in change of behaviour and thought of a person affecting one’s mental health. There are few conditions where a neuropsychologist is referred or recommended to treat:
- People with memory and learning difficulties
- People with mood disturbances or nervous system dysfunction
Few medical conditions like Alzheimer’s, Parkinson, Emotional disorder such as depression, traumatic brain injury, Dyslexia etc where brain cells are affected and can be interpreted through behavioural changes resulting in the loss of mental health. Various tests are assessments are conducted to measure mental health by looking at one’s ability to think, remember, understand or interpret. These tests include Memory, motor functions like walking, coordination), perception, verbal and decision-making abilities. Sometimes CT or MRI Scan of the brain helps in identifying the tumours and other neuro diseases.
The treatment plans for mental disorders include rehabilitation, medication or surgery. Neurofeedback and mindfulness-based approach are treatment strategies used by neuropsychologist to observe brain activity or make small changes to test the effectiveness of brain activity and treat some mental health issues.
Conditions Treated Under Neuropsychiatry:
Anxiety Disorder: Its normal to feel anxious while shifting to a new place or starting a new job or something. But there can be various anxiety disorder which stops us to work or affect the mental status which are panic disorder, Phobia, Social Anxiety Disorder, separation anxiety disorder, illness anxiety disorder, post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD).
Depression: It is an stage where a person feel unmotivated, sad, alone, hopeless, sleeping difficulties, lack of energy. Symptoms may vary from person to person and it has nothing to do with the discriminations based on Gender, Age, race, career, Income, etc.Like other mental disorders, it is again caused with the combination of uncertain factors such as genetics, neurobiological makeup, gut bacteria, family history, personality and psychological factors, environment, and social factors in growing up.
Bipolar Disorder: It is stage of mental illness which is also called manic Depression in which a person feel the high and low level mood swings. The symptoms may include the high level of sadness or overly happiness, attempting suicide, lack of concentration, sleeping difficulties etc. Genes, Brain changes, and stress can be taken as the major causes of Bipolar Disorder.
Anxiety Neurosis: It is one of the psychological Disorders referred as Generalized anxiety disorder characterised by Lack of Concentration, sleeping difficulties, Excessing worrying, and other physical symptoms like headaches, body Pain, muscle stress, difficulty swallowing, sweating, abdominal discomfort and nausea, diarrhea, feeling lightheaded or dizzy, breathing difficulty, hot flashes etc.
Schizophrenia: A brain disorder characterised by hallucinations (auditory, visual, olfactory, or tactile), delusions, behavioural changes, speaking difficulties, emotion changes etc. Various genetic, Biological and developmental factors are responsible to cause this neuropsychiatric condition which can be treated with the combination of antipsychotic medications and psychotherapy.
Insomnia: A Condition of having difficulty in Sleeping associated with the other symptoms such as fatigue, low energy, difficulty concentrating, mood disturbances, and decreased performance. The problem is associated with the medical and psychological issues.
Mood Disorders: Its is a situation of constant Mood changes or emotion state which is again associated with depression and stress level. The treatment will depend on the severity of mood changes level, although Neuro-Counseling or mood drugs are accompanied together to treat the Mood disorder conditions.
Sexual Dysfunction: The problem is again associated with the metal state or stress level characterised in Desire disorders, Arousal disorders, Orgasm disorders, Pain disorder.men and Women both may get effected with this due to various physical and psychological factors.
Eating Disorders: It may be referred as the state of eating excessive or inadequate Food. The most common eating disorders are Anorexia Nervosa, Bulimia Nervosa, and Binge Eating Disorder which may raise due to genetic factors, nutritional deficiency, hormone imbalance.
Sleep Disorders: It referred to a stage of sleeping excessively or lack of sleep. Both the conditions are associated with the mental state and stress level. The possible causes can be anxiety, chronic pain, Nocturia, allergies etc.
The neuropsychiatry Condition is also associated with Addiction problems, behavioural changes in childhood, eating disorders, dementia, excessive mood swings, Obsessive Compulsive Disorder (OCD), and number of mental disorders. Only a neuropsychologist or neuropsychotherapist can treat the Neuropsychiatry or Neuropsychology disorders in Gurgaon through medication and Therapies.